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Lake Titicaca

The freshwater Lake Titicaca is the world’s highest navigable lake (big enough for boats to sail on). Located in the Altiplano, it is home to frogs and fish that don’t exist anywhere else in the world. The brilliant splash of clear, blue, fresh water waters lake attracts visitors all around the World. Many Andean travelers move on from Puno to La Paz, going around or, in some cases, over Lake Titicaca.

There are 41 islands in Lake Titicaca, which is nearly twice the size of Delaware. Uros, Isla Del Sol, Taquile and Amantaní are the major attractions. A small number of people from the Uros tribe still live a very basic. The Bolivian military uses Titicaca to carry out naval exercises, maintaining an active navy despite being landlocked. On the Bolivian side of the lake you can find the city of Copacabana from where it is convenient to visit Isla del Sol - the most sacred place for the Ayamara people, who believe that the sun was born in this place.

The Titicaca frog’s saggy skin helps it to breathe. Frogs absorb oxygen through their skin, and the bigger the skin, the more oxygen it can absorb. The giant Titicaca frog lives in the shallows of the lake, and keeps from roasting in the sun by never leaving the water. Its dark skin also gives protection against the Sun’s rays.

Teams of neotropic cormorants work together to get food. They wade through the lake, flapping their wings to chase the fish into shallow water.

The puna ibis uses its long, curved bill to probe for food in the shallow waters and the mud around the edge of the lake. Groups of ibis feed together, seeking fish, frogs, and small aquatic animals to eat.

At the start of the rainy season, flocks of flamingos settle on the salt lakes in the Altiplano. The lakes are far smaller than Lake Titicaca, yet thousands of birds feed here.


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